The e-Estonia Council approved the “kratt” strategy

06.06.2019 | 13:32

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Stenbock House, 5 June 2019 – at today’s session, the e-Estonia Council approved the strategy for Estonian “kratts*”, or the action plan for implementing artificial intelligence, an initiative of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications and the Government Office.

According to Jüri Ratas, the Chairman of the e-Estonia Council, the wise implementation of artificial intelligence helps a small nation such as Estonia to use its full potential in the best possible way, both internally and internationally.

“I am very pleased that both the public and private sectors have expressed significant interest in applying the kratts. In a longer perspective, this allows to bring the services of the state and the private sector to a whole new level, increase our economic productivity and competitiveness, and enable Estonia to continue being a pioneer for our partners in Europe as well as the world,” Ratas said while stressing that implementing kratts will only be successful if societal awareness is at the proper level.

The group of specialists who developed the action plan for artificial intelligence advises to encourage its testing as widely as possible, because this allows to identify the areas that would benefit most from kratts. We must also map the public services that would benefit most from enhancing the implementation of kratts and develop ways for cooperating the kratt solutions. Currently, 16 kratts have been implemented in the Estonian public sector, but this number will increase to 50 next year. For the purpose of applying artificial intelligence in the private sector successfully, greater digitalisation of business operations is required. Public awareness must be raised on artificial intelligence solutions along with knowledge in applying them. There is no need for a separate “kratt” act, but legislation must be adjusted accordingly.

Members of the Council were also given an overview on the financing of IT solutions in the context of the national budget strategy, a vision on technology-based learning from the Ministry of Education and Research, and the current state of the e-residency action plan 2.0, the objective of which is to make e-residency more user-friendly and prepare for an increase in the number of e-residents.

The e-Estonia Council manages the development of Estonian information society and the e-state, assembles specialists and work groups upon necessity, and orders analyses in the field of ICT (information and communication technology) policy. The Chairman of the Council is Prime Minister Jüri Ratas, and the Council includes ministers, specialists, and representatives of the ICT sector who are involved in developing the information society. Operations of the Council are organised by the Strategy Unit of the Government Office.

The action plan of kratts (in Estonian) is available at the website of the Government Office at

Additional information is available in the press release (in Estonian) of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications on introducing the action plan at

*kratt creature from Estonian mythology, that the Government of Estonia uses as a synonym for narrow AI applications

Government Communication Unit