Martin Helme is the Minister of Finance of the Republic of Estonia as of 29 April 2019. He is a member of the Conservative People’s Party of Estonia.
Martin Helme was born on 24 April 1976 in Tallinn; he is married and a father of five children. Helme joined the predecessor of the Conservative People's Party of Estonia in 2006; he is a Board Member.
Employment history and career
- From 2015 to 2019, he was a Member of the 13th Riigikogu; he was a Chairman of his faction.
- From 2009 to 2015, he was the Executive Director of publishing house Kunst.
- From 2008 to 2009, he was the project manager of SA Virumaa Muuseumid.
- From 2004 to 2007, he was an editor of international news at Delfi.
Martin Helme graduated from the University of Tartu in 2000 with a degree in history.
Minister of Finance
The minister shall be appointed to office by the President of the Republic on the proposal from the Prime Minister.
- The Minister of Finance is the manager of public finance, who co-ordinates budgetary and fiscal policy.
- The Minister of Finance leads the Ministry of Finance and decides on the matters within its area of government. Additionally, the Minister reports on the activities of the Ministry of Finance to the Government of the Republic and submits proposals on deciding over issues related to the Ministry's area of government.
- The Minister of Finance appoints the heads of state authorities belonging to the Ministry's area of government as well as the deputy secretary generals and the heads of departments of the Ministry.
- The Minister of Finance makes proposals to the Government on the Ministry's budget and supplementary budget, if necessary. At the same time, he decides on the use of budget resources and monitors the implementation of the budget. The Minister also approves the budgets of the state authorities belonging to the Ministry's area of government on the basis of the state budget.
- The Minister of Finance decides on the establishment of the state authorities belonging to the Ministry's area of administration and approves their statutes, structure, and work organisation.
Ministry of Finance
- Is the Government’s expert in the implementation of financial and budgetary policy and the targeting of the economy.
- Plans the tax and customs policy and maintains a stable tax system.
- Prepares economic analyses and forecasts.
- Consults procurers and tenderers in conducting public procurements and monitors public procurement.
- Collects official statistics.
- Co-ordinates and manages the implementation of the internal control system in the Government and the professional activities of an internal auditor.
- Performs public accounting and manages the national daily cash flow.
- Places the state’s financial assets and liabilities, administers the external aid and loans granted to the state, and co-ordinates the sharing of benefits allocated to Estonia.
- Develops the financial and insurance policy.